Buddhaghosa was the author of Attakatha. The meaning of the Attakatha is Atthakatha or lectures. Buddhaghosa was born in a Brahmin family in 500 BC. There is controversy about his birth place. The scholars of the present time think that he was born in the Andhra Prodesh of South India. His father was a scholar Brahmin. He was very meritorious from his boyhood. He achieved mastery over Triveda at his tender age. He used to travel all over India with debate. He was able to defeat all by his sharp talents and arguments. Meanwhile he appeared at a Vihara while debating. At that Vihara, he attained the pabbajja from Rebot Theron and converted to Buddhist religon. His voice, lectures were as sweet as that of Buddha. So he was known as Buddha after his ordination.
In a short time, he becomes expert in Tripitaka. After words, he wrote Nanodaya and The Commentery of Dhammasangani. Then he started to write Parittatthakatha. His preceptor was very much charmed at his wisdom. His preceptor advised him to go to Singhal and write the Atthakha in Pali. Following his teacher’s advice, he went to Anuradhapur Monastery. Then the king of Singhal was Mahanam. He studied Theravad and Atthakatha under the supervision of the chief of the monastery Sanghapala by name. Then the Bhikkhusangha of that monastery gave him two verses Exercise for Practice Whose wife was Mallika Devi? What advice did she give to her mournful daughters in law? 80 Buddhist Religion and Moral Education and asked him to explain the verses with the help of the Tripitaka. For the explanation of the verses, he wrote the book Vishuddhimagga. This book is called the gist of the Tripitaka. He earned immense fame and honour by writing this book. It is said that the gods hid the book because of being envious of his fame. Then he wrote it second time. Even the gods hid the second one. As a result, he wrote the third one. When the Bhikkhus started the three books, they found that all the three books were of the same kind. The Bhikkhus, being satisfied, conferred upon him the title of ‘Maitrya Bodhisattva’. The Bhikkhu Sangha of Singhol, seeing his scholarship and writing capicity, gave him permission to translate the Atthakatha. He started writing the book. It is known that he has written sixteen books. They are: Nanodaya, Atthasalini, Parittatthkatha, Vishuddhimagga, Samantapasadika, Kankavitarani, Sumangalvilasini, Papancasudani, Sarattahapakasini, Manorathpurani, Sammohavinodani, Pancaparanatthakatha, Paramatthajotika, Dhammapadatthakatha, Jatakatthakatha, Visuddhajanavilasini.
After a lot of labour and perseverence, he translated the Singholi Attakatha in Pali and came back to India. Thus he has enriched the Buddhist religion as well as Buddhist philosophy. He is still immortal in the history of Buddhist literature.